Pond Pumps: The Right Choice

A pond will never last without a pond pump. It is one of the most important garden pond supplies or equipments that is needed to keep the water system alive. Not only does it help the pond biologically, a pond pump also adds to the beauty of the water system. A pond pump can come in the form of a water fall or a fountain which both allow the water to freely move in the pond. Moving water is the key to the proper oxygen circulation in the pond.

At first, you will find choosing the right pond pump a bit confusing. This is due to the fact that you have to consider a lot of things concerning the pond size, water volume, required flow rate and the filter and UVC requirements. As for a waterfall, it is normally used in a bigger type of pond where there is a high volume of water. A fountain on the other hand can be used in the much smaller pond since it doesn’t require a lot of water to circulate. Keep in mind that ideally, the pond pump should be able to reach the flow rate of at least half of the pond water volume.

The right pond pump is also dependent on the pond’s specific design and purpose. The type of pond pump that can suit the best in small to medium sized ponds with water volumes not exceeding 800 gallons is the submersible pond pump. This pond pump type can easily be connected to submersible filters.

As the name suggests, a submersible pump are designed to work under the pond water. This type is chosen by many pond keepers because it’s less costly than the external pump type. Not only does it cost cheaper, it is also easier to install. Conversely, the operation of this pump type can be more expensive compared to the external one. Since it’s submerged in water, the motor which is enclosed in a waterproof resin can come in contact with the water and be broken. Another thing is that this pump type is a wear and tear type. Once the motor stops working, it is time for you to purchase a new submersible pond pump. Repairing is not common for this pond pump for safety reasons.

On the contrary, a submersible pond pump can still last longer if properly things are properly maintained. The pond for instance should be clean, free from unwanted debris and other foreign contaminants that make it dirty. The pond pump should also be cleaned regularly. This can be done for at least once a year to prevent it from clogging due to dirty pond water.

If you think a submersible pump is just not right for your large pond, then you should go for an external pond pump which works best in larger ponds. This type of pump works well with a biological filter and is capable of handling large water flows. And just like the submersible type, this should also be properly maintained to keep it working for a long period of time.

Read More →

Healthy Fish Pond – Dos and Don’ts

Can’t wait to have your own fish pond? Are you having trouble planning the things that your pond should have? Well, stop worrying. Below are the list of the things that you should know on how to build and maintain a healthy fish pond.


The very first thing you have to take in mind when making your fish pond is its depth. Having the proper depth for the size of your fish important for the way you pond will look. You will need a shallow pond if you plan to breed small fishes. Shallow pond would be about 4 feet deep, this is the minimum depth for fish ponds. But if you will breed large fishes, then you can have deeper.

Pond Size

It is not just the depth of your fish pond that matters, but also its width and length. Be sure, when making your pond, that there is enough space for the fish. A large pond will allow your fish to breed more than smaller ponds. It is known that there are some fishes that are territorial, which means that they need a space away from other fishes. This is because some fishes will sometimes attack other fishes that will cross their territory. Having enough space will mean that your fish won’t be attacking each other and your fishes will also have enough space to lay more eggs.


Your pond should have aquatic plans because they can help you keep your pond’s environment healthy. You should choose an underwater plant if its purpose is for providing oxygen for your fishes. These plants can give enough oxygen to your fishes. Find out also if your fish needs a shade, if they do then look form lily pads or other shade plants. Don’t put a lot of plants in your pond, let your fish adjust to their environment first. Build your pond under a shade but don’t build it under a tree because of the falling leaves.


If you want your pond to stay for a long time then investing to some equipment is a must. Water-pump, filtration system, water aerator and ultraviolet sterilizer are some of the equipments recommended for a long term fish pond.

Read More →

The Beneficial Bacteria in Ponds

Even before people existed, bacteria are believed to have been doing so many roles in shaping life here on earth. They play diverse roles that we discover a new one each passing day. They can adapt to any eco system colonizing even new ones and breaking down materials as energy source.

Bacteria are known to be either beneficial or detrimental to human beings and other living creatures they come in contact with. They can be beneficial when they perform the role of breaking down waste and producing antibiotics. They can be detrimental when they play the role of assaulting living organisms to cause diseases.
Because their being so adaptable to any environment, it didn’t take long for them to be introduced to ponds. The type of bacteria that cause human beings to acquire illnesses such as ulcer, septicaemia and fin rot is the type that gives benefits to ponds. They basically work in pond filters and help keep balance in the whole water system.

Despite the various benefits that bacteria can cause to ponds, their impact to the pond still a bit underrated. Most pond keepers are well aware of the fact that beneficial bacteria are the ones responsible in the management of nitrogen cycle in the pond by breaking down ammonia into nitrite and then into nitrate. What they do not know is that’s just one of the many good things these bacteria can do to maintain a pond in its pristine condition.

Beneficial bacteria are the ones to be thanked for the existence of bio filter. This type of pond filter is responsible for making the water suitable for bacteria to flourish in the pond and do what they got to do in the pond–breaking down wastes products that enter the pond. The role of beneficial bacteria is not a little thing to be overlooked at.

Among all the things that beneficial bacteria can do especially in koi ponds, the breakdown of noxious ammonia into nitrites and then nitrates is the most well-known. Many pond keepers resort to the use of bacteria thinking that what they can just do is dealing with ammonia and nothing else. This is extremely important since ammonia pose a huge threat to the lives in the pond.

If the beneficial bacteria in the pond is being appreciated to the right extent, you will find out that they are capable of causing much even better things in the pond and maintaining the good quality of the pond water.

If ever you notice that despite the presence of beneficial bacteria in the pond, the fish start gasping for air or organic matters start to overtake the water system, you might be forgetting to do something. Remember that bacteria are simple, one-celled organisms that digest organic matter by discharging their digestive enzymes into the surrounding water. If there are too much organic matter accumulation more than the bacteria present in your bio filter can handle, you should do something like cleaning the pond water yourself. As the owner, it is still your duty to regularly do water changes so that beneficial bacteria won’t have a hard time dealing with organic matters building up.

Read More →